ISAAC BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI


ISAAC BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI
ISAAC BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI (11th–12th centuries), Provençal communal leader and halakhist. He headed the bet din and the yeshivah in Narbonne. His father, Merwan, was described as a "man of great piety and rich in material things and good deeds, who applied his wealth for the benefit of his brethren and thus obtained the repeal of several oppressive edicts" (addition to the Sefer ha-Kabbalah of Abraham ibn Daud, Neubauer, Chronicles, 1 (1887), 83). Isaac studied under Judah b. Moses (ha-Darshan of Toulouse?), a pupil of gershom b. judah of Mainz. In a ruling cited by Menahem b. Solomon Meiri (Pes. 42a, Beit ha-Beḥirah al Massekhet Pesaḥim ed. by J. Klein (1964), 142) which bears the signatures of "five scholars of world standing," Isaac's is the first. The five scholars apparently constituted the bet din of Narbonne (B.Z. Benedikt, in Tarbiẓ, 22 (1951), 107). It is not certain whether Isaac left anything in writing; his words are usually quoted as "having been heard," but sometimes it is stated that "he wrote." Some of his statements were cited by his pupil Abraham b. Isaac, the author of the Eshkol; Zerahiah b. Isaac ha-Levi Gerondi in Ha-Ma'or; Joseph b. Migash in Temim De'im, and Moses ha-Kohen in his hassagot to Maimonides' Mishneh Torah (Shabbat 6:5; S. Atlas, in: HUCA, 27 (1956), 60), in the Shibbolei ha-Leket (Pt. 1, no. 48 and 51, ed. by S.K. Mirsky (1966), 256, 260), etc. Among his pupils were some of the greatest scholars of Provence in the following generation, Moses the son of his brother Joseph, Moses b. Todros ha-Nasi, and Abraham b. Isaac "Av Bet Din." Joseph studied under him. Isaac left no descendants, and he must have died before 1134, since in that year his brother Joseph lodged a claim in connection with his estate (Isaac ha-Sardi, Sefer ha-Terumot, 14:5, Prague 1605, 26a). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gross, Gal Jud, 412f.; Z.B. Auerbach (ed.), Abraham b. Isaac of Narbonne, Ha-Eshkol (1968), introd. 9; S. Albeck (ed.), Abraham b. Isaac of Narbonne, Ha-Eshkol, 1 (1935), introd. 3; B.Z. Benedict, in: Tarbiz, 19 (1948), 19, n.7, 22 (1951), 96, n. 109, 107; I. Twersky, Rabad of Posquières (1962), 236, 239. (Shlomoh Zalman Havlin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isaac ben Merwan ha-Levi — (flourished in the first third of the twelfth century) was a Provençal rabbi and Talmudist; he was the elder son of Merwan of Narbonne.As highly respected in the community as his father, he was elected rabbi of Narbonne. He is often quoted, his… …   Wikipedia

  • Moses ben Joseph ben Merwan ha-Levi — (flourished about the middle of the twelfth century) was a prominent Provençal rabbi and Talmudist. He was a nephew and pupil of Isaac ben Merwan ha Levi. His colleagues addressed him as Great scholar, Nasi Rabbi Moses, and his ritual decisions… …   Wikipedia

  • Merwan ha-Levi — one of the most prominent Jews of Narbonne, in the second half of the 11th century. He was a philanthropist, who devoted his time and fortune to that community. It seems that he was also in favor with the government, being thus enabled to check… …   Wikipedia

  • MOSES BEN JOSEPH BEN MERWAN LEVI — (12th century), one of the renowned scholars of Narbonne. Moses belonged to a distinguished family. His grandfather was very pious, a man of substance and of good deeds, benefiting Israel with his wealth, and causing many evil decrees to be… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac Husik — BiographyHusik was born near Kiev, but because of the worsening climate under the May Laws, in 1888, when he was 10 years old, he moved with his mother to Philadelphia. His father, Wolf Husik, rejoined them the following year. Isaac received his… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne — (c. 1110 ndash; 1179) was a Provençal rabbi, also known as Raavad II, and author of the halachic work Ha Eshkol ( The Cluster ).Abraham ben Isaac was probably born at Montpellier. His teacher was Moses ben Joseph ben Merwan ha Levi, and during… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob ben Nissim — ibn Shahin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nissim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacob ben Nissim ibn Shahin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nissim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF NARBONNE — (known as Rabi Abad; c. 1110–1179), talmudist and spiritual leader of Provence; author of Sefer ha Eshkol, the first work of codification of the halakhic commentary of southern France, which served as a model for all subsequent compilations.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH BEN MOSES HA-DARSHAN — (11th century), French scholar, son of moses ha darshan , under whom he studied and whose teachings he transmitted. He apparently also studied under gershom b. judah in Mainz, then returned to Narbonne where isaac b. merwan ha levi was among his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.